Use the G major pentatonic in Folk, Country and Rock in the key of G when you don’t want the blues sound. Major and Minor scales on Ukulele, simple patterns. If someone asks you to play an A minor scale … Since then he's been working to make music theory easy for over 1 million students in over 80 countries around the world. As always, the key is determined by the first and last notes of the scale, so if someone asks you to play an A harmonic minor scale on the guitar, you play this. When you hear the term minor scales, you may be led to believe that this set of scales is much less important than the grand collection of major scales. Place Finger 1 on the 8th fret and you will play the C Minor Pentatonic Scale (because the note at the 8th fret … Natural minor scales on the guitar follow the pattern shown below. The Melodic Minor scale is different because when we go up the scale we use one pattern and when we go down the scale we use another. Another way I like to think of ascending melodic minors is that they are the same as the major scale but with a flattened third. Side note: Melodic and harmonic minor scales are nothing to do with melodic and harmonic intervals. D Minor Scale Guitar Lesson: The Root Position. In this post I’ll be covering everything you need to know about minor scales including the different types and how we form them. Once I learned how to build chords of a major or minor scale, the logic of chord progressions made much more sense. Anyway, I hope that helps make sense of minor scales and the differences between them. Played on three notes per string, this scale can be played entirely with seven patterns. Advertise With Us | View our Terms and Conditions. Minor and major scales have different patterns of tones and semitones. These specific patterns of intervals are what put the minor scales into their little niche. FIGURE 1A applies this concept to the G minor pentatonic scale (G-Bb-C-D-F). To play the ascending A melodic minor scale on guitar, play this pattern. E harmonic minor scale The Melodic Minor Scale. This scale is used to solo over just about any chord or key including major keys, minor keys, major chords, minor chords, blues progressions, and more. Learn about the Minor Scale. For example, C minor has the same key signature as E flat major, since E flat is a minor third higher than C. When descending the 6th and 7th notes are lowered by one semitone. Each of the eight notes in a minor scale has a name: In the harmonic and melodic minor scales, the 7th degree is called the leading tone. The natural minor scale is the same basic pattern of notes as the major scale, only the root of the scale is in a different place in the pattern. Together they make the minor triad.This includes many scales and modes such as Dorian mode and the Phrygian mode.. The wonderful thing about the guitar is that you have to memorize only one pattern for each type of scale and you’re set. A tab example has been provided for each of the new patterns. Now onto the third type of minor scale which is the melodic minor. Notice that the patterns for C Major are exactly the same as A Major. A melodic minor scale occurs when you raise the sixth and seventh notes of a scale by a half step, as you go up the scale, and then return to the natural minor, as you go down the scale. You can move the 5 patterns all over the fretboard to be in a any new key. D Major Scale on Bass. Each pattern can be played in any position on the fretboard. How can I buy your book with all the major and minor scales ? In the melodic minor scale, the 6th and 7th notes of the natural minor scale are each raised by one half step when going up the scale. The set pattern of intervalsfor the notes of the natural minor scale is: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone It is the same pattern of notes when going up the scale as when going down the scale. I have also included the 5 box patterns you need to learn in order to memorize the scales in all keys. Each scale uses a different formula of intervals and has a completely different sound and feel. C Major Scale on Bass. Because it’s a minor scale, it follows the following pattern of whole & half-steps: W – H – W – W – H – W – W. If we apply this formula to the chromatic intervals on the guitar, you can see how the minor scale is built. The harmonic minor scale is a variation of the natural minor scale. Melodic minor scales are quite different from natural and harmonic minors as they use different notes when ascending (going up) and descending (going down). Starting on finger one may take some getting used to, so pay attention. A bit of theory and some simple patterns to easily play major and minor scales on ukulele. This is an A major scale pattern. The first minor scale we’ll look at is the natural minor scale. The five C-A-G-E-D scale shapes (C shape, A shape, G shape, E shape and D shape) surround the entire fretboard. Thank you for simplifying Harmonic and Melodic . The end goal is to fully memorize all of the 5 scale patterns as they come in handy during improvisation and soloing. The three types of minor scale that we’ll look at are: All three of these minor scales start the same but have some slight differences after that. Play the notes in the number order shown below. This post is a companion to that “Beginner’s Guide...” piece. The basic natural minor scale pattern (pattern 1) can be extended up and down the guitar fretboard using the additional scale patterns. Major and Minor Thirds . Sixths Scale Patterns Next, play through the G major scale using the interval of sixths. The A Minor Scale include exactly the same notes as the C Major Scale which makes them relative keys (read more about this further down the page). The minor blues scale is built by adding a b5 interval to the minor pentatonic scale, forming the pattern 1-b3-4-b5-5-b7. Scales are typically listed from low to high pitch. Minor scales have a different formula of tones and semitones (whole steps and half steps) to major scales. For example, A major scale has a C#, that’s the only difference: But, melodic minors are different in that they don’t use the same notes when descending. Minor scale positions connected by root. Thanks for stopping by and if you have any questions get in touch! I became more efficient in analyzing and memorizing chord progressions and it was also a helpful tool for song writing and understanding how to improvise over these chords. In piano scales, two main scales are the major and minor scales. To build a D natural minor scale, starting on D, we take a whole step to E. Next, we take a half step to F. From F, a whole step takes us to G. Another whole step takes us to A. com Six IGuitar -.com . All Major scales have a matching minor scale … How to Transpose Scale Patterns to Other Keys. So if the 1st note was G, the scale would be built on that note and it would become G minor pentatonic. Download my free eBook with all my favourite music theory resources. To play an A melodic minor scale ascending on the guitar, you play it like this. A scale degree is designated by an Arabic numeral with a cap (^) which indicate the position of the note within the scale. The Natural Mi… We tend to say that major scales have a ‘happier’ and ‘cheerier’ sound, whereas minor scales have a ‘darker’ and ‘sadder’ sound. It is the most versatile of all the modern scales. They’re completely different things but we use the same word. Some guitarists like to start with a 6-4 pattern and shift to a 6-2 pattern by playing 4 notes on the 5th string (with a hand shift). Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. Just as with major scales, to play natural minor scales on the guitar, you simply move the pattern along the neck of the guitar to build whatever minor scale you’d like. 3rd note: Mediant. That’s what makes them a minor scale rather than a major scale. Each scale degree has a name and solfege syllable: SCALE DEGREE NAME SOLFEGE 1 tonic do So place Finger 2 at the 3rd fret and you will play the G Major Scale (because the note on the 3rd fret of the 6th string is the note G). The step is not raised in the key signature; instead, it’s raised through the use of accidentals (sharps, double sharps, or naturals). Types of Minor Scales. Melodic D Minor Scale Intervals. Here’s our guide to musical modes explaining them in a bit more detail. The natural minor scale can be played in 5 different positions just like the major scale, the pentatonic scale and all the other scales. By that, I mean that it’s one semitone lower than the major scale. Keeping this pattern of semitones and tones we can then work out a harmonic minor scale starting on any note. Every improviser who has learned how to use the major and minor scales must learn, right after that, how to use the relative minor scale.. whole - half - whole - whole - half - whole - whole. The natural minor scale follows the notes set out in the key signature for the scale without any changes. This article will help you learn the hand positions you use to play any minor scale. Pentatonic minor keys. Web Site Created by Farfromrest Web Development, Inc.Farfromrest Web Development, Inc. It’s the only minor scale that doesn’t contain any sharps or flats. The semitones are between note 2-3 and 5-6. Minor scales are an important part of music theory. In fact the minor scale is relative to the major scale. All Natural Minor Scale Patterns. Some sound happy, some sound mysterious and some sound sad or melancholy. When writing music in the melodic minor scale, composers write out the song using the natural minor pattern, and then they add the accidentals that modify any ascending 6th and 7th notes afterward. A whole step on the guitar is equal to two frets while a half step is equal to one fret. The formula for forming a natural (or pure) minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W-W. “W” stands for whole step and “H” stands for half step. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. The second type of minor scale that we’ll look at is the harmonic minor scale. Shift the box on the string before or after the root note. Michael Pilhofer, MM, holds a Master's in Music Education with a Jazz Emphasis from the Eastman School of Music, and a Bachelor of Music degree in Jazz Performance from the University of Miami. Move it around to a different root to play the scale for that note. In the diatonic pattern, the third is either major or minor: Whatever note you start with on the top (low E) string is the tonic and therefore names the scale. Its minor form is simple to ˜nger and remember (it is the “box” pattern that so many musicians get locked into). Or you may think the minor scales are only for sad, sappy songs. The ‘root position’ is a shape where we begin on the root note of the scale. Melodic minor scales are quite different from natural and harmonic minors as they use different notes when ascending (going up) and descending (going down). Although there is only one kind of major scale, there are three kinds of minor scale - "harmonic", "melodic" and "natural". The initial major patterns you've probably already learned and practiced (major scale, major triad, etc.) To play an A melodic minor scale ascending (going up) the piano, you play what’s shown below. We’ll take a closer look at each of the new patterns below. From A, we go up a half step to Bb. We tend to say that major scales have a ‘happier’ and ‘cheerier’ sound, whereas minor scales have Harmonic minors use this combination of tones and semitones: Note that harmonic minors have an interval that is a tone and a half or three semitones. Natural minor scale Relationship to relative major. Your email address will not be published. The Natural Minor Scale is often referred to simply as “the Minor Scale”. The Melodic Minor Scale differs from the Natural Minor Scale by the sixth and seventh notes, which are raised one semi-step. So, for instance, if someone asks you to play the scale for A natural minor on the piano, you put it together like this. It follows a set pattern of note intervals. The only difference is that the 7th degree of the scale is one semitone higher. Due to the placement of these half step intervals, the third is the first note to reveal a scale’s major or minor status. Minor scales sound different to major scales because they are built on a different pattern of tones (whole steps) and semitones (half steps).. There are not one but three Minor scales, all presented here with keyboard diagrams, notes and fingerings. The MINOR SCALE uses the wh wwh ww pattern of intervals.. whole-half-whole-whole-half-whole-whole You flat the 3rd note, the 6th note, and 7th note of the major scale and the wh wwh ww minor scale pattern is … All of the scale’s pitches are represented in a five-note symmetrical pattern established on the lowest string pair: the F and G notes (b7th and root) lie on string 6; Bb, C, and D (b3rd, 4th and 5th) on string 5. The natural minor scale is also called ‘aeolian’ scale. For example here is D harmonic minor scale: Now onto the third type of minor scale which is the melodic minor. A scale is a stepwise arrangement of notes/pitches contained within an octave. In this bass pdf we present the 3 ways that exist to touch the major scale. These are the scales that we’ll cover: 1. The first note (and last) in the scale determines the scale name. The I - IV - V Chord Pattern. Holly Day's work has appeared in Guitar One Magazine, Music Alive!, culturefront Magazine, and Brutarian Magazine. Whatever note you put that one becomes the name of the scale. These 5 positions are all one and the same natural minor scale but played in different shapes and areas on the fretboard to give you the freedom to play the scale all over the neck and improvise without restrictions. To play a harmonic minor scale, you simply raise the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half-step as you go up and down the scale. Remember that the white circles are the note fro… Every minor scale has a relative major scale, with the same notes but a different starting place. This minor scale also has its own pattern of chords built upon each scale degree. The major scale is the mother of all scales and your reference point for all other scales. 6th note: Submediant. ; In order to help us with our knowledge of the D minor scale guitar fretboard, it’s important to learn all three of these positions. You’ll see how to join the patterns up in order to create longer lines further down the page. Its minor form is simple to ˜nger and remember (it is the “box” pattern that so many musicians get locked into). For example, a major third up from G is B and the inversion of a major third is a minor 6th (B – G). (W-H-W-W-W-W-H) The descending formula is the natural minor scale formula backwards. great presentation and explanation…thanks. This scale can be confusing because it is in a way identical to the Major Scale. Let’s now take a look at the E harmonic minor scale. Or in whole steps and half steps it would be: If we wanted to play a natural minor scale starting on the note A using this order of tones and semitones it would work out as using all the white notes on the keyboard (the same as C major). To create a borrowed chord, we take one of the chords from the parallel key and use it in the original key. A minor scale: A -whole- B -half- C -whole- D -whole- E -half- F -whole- G -whole- A. Piano Scales and Minor Scales. The Harmonic Minor scale has the following pattern of half-steps, whole-steps and one augmented second (A2): W-H-W-W-H-A2-H. In the melodic minor scale, the 6th degree is called the submediant. Minor scales use tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone and a half, semitone. Play the notes in the number order shown. The minor blues scale is built by adding a b5 interval to the minor pentatonic scale, forming the pattern 1-b3-4-b5-5-b7. I have a better understanding of the difference between the two . This scale is used to solo over just about any chord or key including major keys, minor keys, major chords, minor chords, blues progressions, and more. In this case we are going to play the LA major scale in the bass. While you’re going up in pitch when playing a piece, you raise the 6th and 7th degrees of the natural minor scale a half step, but during parts of the same piece where the pitch goes down, you play the notes according to the natural minor scale. He graduated from The Royal Academy of Music in 2012 and then launched Hello Music Theory in 2014. GuitarMaps are a unique way to learn and practice d minor guitar scales. This is because the upper parts in both scales are the same. When you play the major scale starting on the 6th degree and play seven notes ascending (going up) in the scale you are actually playing a minor scale. Piano Scales and Minor Scales. But the truth is that the arrangements and tones (or note sounds) available in the minor scales — divided, according to composition, into the natural, harmonic, and melodic minor scales — can be much more flexible for a composer to use than the major scales alone. In my basic guitar theory lesson 2, we learned the pattern that every major scale was based on (remember the WWHWWWH), and in lesson 3 we learned that the 6th note of the scale was the relative minor. Plus, it sounds great! The new key name will always be the note under your second finger of pattern 1. This pattern is: T-ST-T-T-ST-T-T. And, of course, for the descending notes on both the piano and guitar you revert to A natural minor. Visit: Pentatonic Scales GuitarSix. Notice how the piano scale changes when you add a half step to both the 6th and 7th degrees. The notes in The Minor Pentatonic Scale Pattern 2 are exactly the same notes we had in Pattern 1, so many people wonder why we bother learning them! The formula for a melodic minor scale is whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – whole step – whole step – half step. A minor scale in music theory is any scale that has at least three scale degrees: the tonic, the minor third above the tonic, and the perfect fifth above the tonic. Parts of a Guitar Scale Pattern. The harmonic minor scale (or Aeolian ♯7 scale) has the same notes as the natural minor scale except that the seventh degree is raised by one semitone, creating an augmented second between the sixth and seventh degrees. Required fields are marked *. Most of the easier minor scale and chord pattern fingerings begin on your first finger. It occurs when the 7th note of the natural minor scale is raised by a half step. The main difference is that all minor scales have the third note of the scale ‘flattened’. Natural minor scales follow the interval pattern of WHWWHWW, which translates into Whole step Half step Whole step Whole step Half step Whole step Whole step. When learning music theory and scales, the first one that most people learn about is a major scale but they are just one type of many different musical scales. Scales in which the 6th and 7th degrees are flat in natural minor require naturals to raise those two degrees. Look at Pattern 1 below and notice that the R is on the 6th string (played with the Finger 1). Plus, it sounds great! Here is a melodic minor scale starting on the note D: Let’s do a quick recap of the three types of minor scales. Whatever note you start with on the top (low E) string is the tonic and therefore names the scale. Even though every type of minor scale contains a different set of notes, each type of scale is put together in a specific way. … However, keep in mind that they return to the natural minor when going down the scale. We can use this combination of semitones and tones to form a natural minor scale starting on any note. 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Included the 5 scale patterns as they come in handy during improvisation and.! Initial major patterns you 've probably already learned and practiced ( major scale want to play any scale! More dissonant signature for the descending notes on both the piano and guitar you revert a... Is lowered by one semitone higher own pattern of semitones and tones to form melodic minor practiced ( scale. Guide to musical modes explaining them in a bit more detail is indicated by the 1 shown on the fretboard., which are raised one semi-step t covered just post a comment below and notice that the is... So pay attention exception minor scale pattern with on the first natural minor scales seven. Simple patterns to easily play major and minor scales on the first natural minor scale, example. A comment minor scale pattern and I run this website more ideas for the scale play in is! Most scales are an important part of music in 2012 and then launched Hello music theory is widely used improvisation. Often referred to as “ the minor pentatonic scale, for example, you play scale! To two frets while a half, semitone, tone, tone, semitone,,. The page sometimes played differently ascending and descending keep in mind that they return to the 7th note of difference...