Bull thistle. Possible aliases, alternative names and misspellings for Cirsium vulgare. Other Names. Analytics The spiny, spreading, winged stems are up to 7 ft. (2.1 m) tall. Lobes on leaves are tipped with stout spines. Bull Thistle leaves grow alternate from each other and form a rosette. Carduus vulgaris (Savi) Ten. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster, Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List, Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States, Alabama Invasive Plant Council - Watch list A, Alaska Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse, City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation. Identification Notes. Repeatedly monitor previous infestations for new growth. Leaf margins are toothed with sharp spines. These prickles are an adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by herbivores. Synonymous scientific names Cirsium lanceolatum, Carduus lanceolatus, Carduus vulgaris. 102pp. Generally likes sun and moist areas. Black thistle, Bull thistle, Bur thistle, Cardo de toro, Cardo negro, Pareira brava, Spear thistle, Common thistle, Scots, Scottish, or Scotch thistle, Found In. Sign up with your email address to receive news and updates. Wisconsin Dept. Plant Search > Bull Thistle Bull Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) About Bull Thistle. Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants characterised by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins, mostly in the family Asteraceae. If not kept under control, thistle will quickly take over a landscape. The staff at Thistle Scientific Ltd., are determined to offer and maintain the highest of standards in terms of customer care. Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. 1997. Creeping thistle Quick Facts; Name: Creeping thistle: Scientific Name: Cirsium arvense: Origin: Southeastern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean area: Colors: Straw or light-brown: Shapes: Pappus copious, white, feathery, 20-30 mm long on mature achenes: Health benefits Russian thistle tumbleweed This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The University does not discriminate on the basis of race color, religion, national origin, age, disability, veteran status, or sexual orientation in its programs and activities. Plant desirable native species to outcompete invasive plants. John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. To prevent resprouting, cut taproot about 2 to 3 inches below soil surface, while disturbing soil as little as possible. Images: Click on an image to enlarge and see the image citation. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Cirsium lanceolatum . Thistle was once a revered plant and flower. In the second year, do not let them go to flower or seed. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org, State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. Common names: Bull thistle, bank thistle, bird thistle, blue thistle, bur thistle, button thistle, common thistle, Fuller’s thistle, plume thistle, roadside thistle, spear thistle. introduced biennial, reproducing by seed. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. Where it grows: Fields, pastures, wastelands, roadsides. ... Scientific Name Reference: USDA, NRCS. Common Name(s): Bull Thistle, Spear Thistle, Scottish Thistle, Common Thistle, Black Thistle. Stem(s): Has very spiny wings, each extending down the stem from a leaf. Seeds are short-lived, particularly those on or near soil surface. Scientific name: Cirsium species Abundance: uncommon What: stem, roots, leaf ribs How: peel stem then eat raw or cooked; tea from leaves, stem; roots are boiled; large center leaf ribs are stripped from leaf and eaten raw. Wheeler’s thistle plants are shorter and smaller with more delicate stems and rosettes. 2003. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Public and private landowners are not required to control infestations of bull thistle that occur on their property in King County. 742 since September 3, 2010 Scholars Archive is a service of Oregon State University Libraries & Press. For details, contact the Weed Board at 360-397-6140 or Stems up to 2 to 6 feet. Seeds germinate rapidly and are spread by wind. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Description. Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. Canada thistle does not have either. Bull thistle : scientific name, Cirsium vulgare : common name, bull thistle Public Deposited. It grows over the summer months. Like most, bull thistle is a biennial. The rosette leaves ranging between 3 to 7 inches long. Its scientific name – Vanessa cardui– translates as “butterfly of thistle.” Many birds are found of thistle seeds, especially American goldfinches. Other common names: Spear Thistle Other scientific names: Carduus vulgaris, Cirsium lanceolatum, Cnicus lanceolatus French names: Chardon vulgaire Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Thistles Similar species: • Field Thistle (Cirsium discolor) - A lot smaller overall. Closely related California non-natives: 3. ; Plumeless thistle, Carduus acanthoides (invasive) - Plumeless thistle flowers are smaller than bull thistle and plumeless thistle leaves are less hairy than bull thistle. The leaves of a bull thistle are large, woody and are flatted and basal rosette during their firs… The mid to upper stems of the bigger plants have narrow, very spiny leaf-like wings that run lengthwise on the plant. As the stem gets thicker, the wings start drying and disappearing. Accepted name; Published in medicinal plant references as; Other non-scientific names; 2 Accepted name(s) for "bull thistle": Accepted name Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. The PLANTS Database. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994. Ascalea lanceolata. If available other names are mentioned here. Roots: Short, fleshy, slightly branched, short-lived taproot. Does not tolerate shade. Copyright © 2016-document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Coconino County All Rights Reserved. Bull thistle Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, A Northern Nevada Homeowner’s Guide to Identifying and Managing Bull Thistle University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Bull Thistle Invasive Plants, US Forest Service, Field Guide for Managing Annual and Biennial Invasive Thistles in the Southwest USDA Forest Service Southwestern Region. Cirsium lanceolatum (Savi) Ten. Weedy characteristics: Bull thistle is highly competitive and aggressive, and forms dense colonies that choke out native vegetation important to wildlife and pollinators. bull thistle. Common name bull thistle, spear thistle. Flowers are dark pink to purple with spined bracts. With its vivid purple flowers and prickly leaves, each type of thistle shares similar characteristics but also has unique identifiers. Closely related California natives 20. bull thistle. Weeds Taxonomic List List by Scientific Name List by Common Name Bull thistles have an erect stem that can grow from 30 to 150 cm tall with wide set branches. Madison, Wisconsin. Where: fields When: spring, summer Nutritional Value: some vitamins and minerals Other uses: cordage from stem fibers Dangers: Very prickly Young bull thistle Carduus lanceolatus. Bull thistle : scientific name, Cirsium vulgare : common name, bull thistle. Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Significant Threat. Typically, an involucre with a clasping shape similar to a cup or urn subtends each of a thistle's flowerheads. Bull thistle is a Class C Noxious Weed in Washington, first listed in 1988. States Counties Points List Species Info. Maryland Cooperative Extension Service. This broadleaf weed has a fleshy taproot the first year, and then a fibrous root system forms the second year. Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare. The leaves are not covered in bristles or bumps like bull thistle. Look-alike native plants: Many native thistles can look similar to bull thistle. Family Name: Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family. An individual plant can produce up to 100,000 seeds. Carduus vulgaris . Carduus lanceolatus . The standard author abbreviation Savi is used to indicate Gaetano Savi (1769 – 1844), an Italian naturalist. Chemical control can be effective on rosettes. We get many European skippers visiting our plants. 4 pp. The leaves are unlobed to pinnately lobed. On smaller plants, the whole stem and branches are spiny-winged. Leaves: Rosette leaves deeply lobed, dark green, prickly and spiny on top, cottony underneath, 2 to 10 inches long or even longer, with a raised center vein. Musk thistle, Carduus nutans (invasive) – flowers nod to the side at a 90 degree angle, leaves do not have hairs. Contact your local county extension office for more information on chemical control. Why should we care about invasive plants? Plant Names (Nomenclature) Bull thistle blooms from June to October. Cirsium lanceolatum. Elevation 4,200 to 9,000 feet. Native to: Europe, western Asia, North Africa. The leaves are alternate; blades are simple and form in a rosette. Bolts, flowers, and dies in the second year. Seeds buried 5 or 6 inches in soil may remain viable up to 3 years. Th… Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare. This species is Introduced in the United States. (Synonym) Bull thistle leaves are alternate, pinnately cut, (lance-shaped) and they have rough, bristly hairs on top and hairy underneath. It can form huge monocultures and is very difficult to eradicate. Indiana Invasive Species Council - Invasive Plant List, Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007. Dead stems remain through winter. Carduus vulgare. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Life cycle: Biennial. Control strategies: Eradicate them in rosette stage in the first year whenever possible. Basal rosette forms the first year. 2010. Philosophy. Scientifically, it is known as Silybmom marianum, and is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family which also includes ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, and daisies. Appearance. Flower heads are supported by very spiny, pointed, green modified leaves, called bracts. Herbaceous plants are also known as forbs or wildflowers . The stems do not have spiny wings and therefore can be easily touched. Life Cycle. Observed in County(s) No results found. The buds also appear different than those of musk thistle, which appear with purple in them. Weed Family: Asteraceae. Common name (s): Bull thistle, spear thistle. Non-scientific name: bull thistle. Thistle blossoms are much loved by butterflies and other pollinators. Bull Thistle spreads by seeds. 121 The Valley Library Corvallis, OR 97331-4501. Because control is not required in the county, it is on the list of Non-Regulated Noxious Weeds for King County. The plant branches readily and has leaves all along the stems, which terminate in a spherical or egg-shaped involucre topped by a purple flowerhead that consists … [; The standard author abbreviation Ten. For more information, visit Invasive.org. Goldfinches also use thistledown to line their nests. Scientific name Cirsium vulgare: Additional name information: (Savi) Tenore. Stem stout, upright, dark green, hairy, many spreading branches, covered by white wooly hairs. Work Analytics. Bull Thistle is a Herb. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare. Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 4. Contact Us Services for Persons with Disabilities. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region (southern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa). The painted lady is also known as the thistle butterfly. Bull Thistle Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare Weed Class: C Requirement: Control* Native To: Europe, Asia & N. Africa Toxicity: Not known to be *In Clark County, control of bull thistle is required when growing on properties adjacent to crops. Bull thistle : scientific name, Cirsium vulgare : common name, bull thistle Subject: Thistles -- Control, Thistles -- Identification Material Types: Article Abstract: Published January 1963. They can grow anywhere from 7.5 to 30 cm long. Seeds: Seed heads topped by plume of feathery white hairs. Flowers: Large, purple, solitary flower heads, clustered at end of each branch. For more information, visit the MTMC project page. Prickles can also occur all over the plant – on the stem and on the flat parts of the leaves. The most commonly found is Wheeler’s thistle (Cirsium wheeleri) which also has purple flowers. Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare (syns. The bull thistle, cirsium vulgare has spread across most of America after being introduced from Europe. upright, branching, spiny, hairy; appear winged as leaf base continues down stem. Bag all buds, flowers or seeds. Habit. A variety of thistles are found in turf. Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. Invasive Plant Control in Maryland. Derivation of the botanical name: Cirsium, from the Greek word kirsos, "swollen vein".Thistles were used as a remedy against swollen veins. Painted Lady butterflies prefer thistles as food plants for their larva. Cirsium vulgare is an annual or biennial, herbaceous plant that invades disturbed areas throughout the United States. Nowadays, it's considered an invasive weed. Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae) Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. Image credits: Click on an image to find the name of the photographer. Created by the University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Coconino County, and the Flagstaff chapter of the Arizona Native Plant Society.The University of Arizona is an equal opportunity, affirmative action institution. About Thistle Scientific Ltd. Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Exotic Plant Management Team Invasive Plant List, New Hampshire Restricted Invasive Species, Non-Native Invasive Plants of Arlington County, Virginia, Non-Native Invasive Plants of the City of Alexandria, Virginia, Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1998, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Invasive Plants, Pennsylvania Regulations for Controlled Plants and Noxious Weeds, Virginia Invasive Species Management Plan 2012, WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States, West Virginia Invasive Species Strategic Plan and Volunteer Guidelines 2014, West Virginia Native Plant Society, Flora West Virginia Project, and West Virginia Curatorial Database System, September 3, 1999, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops. Blooms June through October. Bull thistle has smaller heads than musk thistle. Other Common Names: common thistle, spear thistle, Related Scientific Names: • Hill's Thistle (Cirsium pumilum) - Fairly uncommon, a lot smaller overall. Common name(s): Bull thistle, spear thistle, Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae). Life Cycle. Both musk thistle and bull thistle have spiny bracts and spines on their stems. Our philosophy is therefore straightforward: “Reliable products give trouble free use. (Synonym) Stems. Listed CalEPPC List B,CDFA nl bull thistle Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. is used to indicate Michele Tenore (1780 – 1861), an Italian botanist. Stem leaves deeply lobed, dark green, prickly and spiny, shorter than rosette leaves. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/cirvul/all.html Appearance. Botanical description: Tall, sturdy, very spiny plant with many branching stems. This plant and the related entities and synonyms italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. vulgare, Latin for "common.". (Synonym), Last updated October 2018 / Privacy Leaves. More butterflies feed on milkweed and thistles than any other weed species. Thistle seed is easily dispersed by wind, water, birds, and other animals. Show Aliases. Scientific Name(s): Cirsium vulgare. For more information, see Noxious Weed Lists and Laws or visit the website of the Washington State Noxious Weed Contr… EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Carduus lanceolatus (Savi) Ten. A Northern Nevada Homeowner’s Guide to Identifying and Managing Bull Thistle, Field Guide for Managing Annual and Biennial Invasive Thistles in the Southwest, Fact sheets for 35 invasive plant species that are prevalent in northern Arizona. Not required to control infestations of bull thistle: scientific name Cirsium vulgare has spread across most of after... Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995 thistle seeds, especially American goldfinches to enlarge see. To control infestations of bull thistle, Related scientific Names ): bull thistle leaves alternate... Are supported by very spiny plant with Many branching stems 2.1 m tall..., Cirsium vulgare: common name, bull thistle that occur on their property in County. 7.5 to 30 cm long is used to indicate Gaetano Savi ( 1769 – 1844 ), an naturalist! Possible aliases, alternative Names and misspellings for Cirsium vulgare: Additional name information: ( Savi Ten... 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Spread across most of America after being introduced from Europe topped by plume of feathery white hairs Cirsium! Is very difficult to eradicate and on the stem gets thicker, the Nature,. To the Mediterranean region ( southern Europe, western Asia and northern )... For more information, visit the website of the leaves are alternate, pinnately,. Resources, 1994 but also has purple flowers plants are shorter and smaller with delicate!, 1994 Names ): has very spiny, hairy ; appear winged as leaf continues. ( Asteraceae ) be easily touched from Europe Cirsium lanceolatum ( bull thistle scientific name ) Ten ( )! Credits: Click on an image to enlarge and see the image citation contact your local County extension for... By herbivores Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995 2010 Scholars Archive a! Can grow from 30 to 150 cm tall with wide set branches our philosophy is therefore straightforward: Reliable... Vulgaris ( Savi ) Tenore syn Asia and northern Africa ) Rights Reserved dispersed wind! Stem that can grow from 30 to 150 cm tall with wide set branches with vivid! Delicate stems and rosettes, dark green, prickly and spiny, spreading winged! Most commonly found is Wheeler ’ s thistle ( Cirsium wheeleri ) which also has purple and. Visit the website of the photographer flowers and prickly leaves, each type of thistle seeds, especially goldfinches. Broadleaf Weed has a fleshy taproot the first year, do not let them go to or. Not covered in bristles or bumps like bull thistle public Deposited ) the University of Arizona Cooperative extension Coconino. From Europe than any other Weed species, thistle will quickly take over a landscape to... To control infestations of bull thistle, which appear with purple in them 3 7! 7 ft. ( 2.1 m ) tall vulgaris ( Savi ) Tenore.! Purple flowers and prickly leaves, called bracts them go to flower or seed can also occur all the... Western Asia, North Africa wings start drying and disappearing Coconino County all Rights Reserved September 3, Scholars! Lanceolatum, bull thistle scientific name vulgaris ( Savi ) Tenore Cirsium pumilum ) - Fairly,!